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Need for Random Numbers in Encryption

There’s a thin line between random number generator and a true random number generator. Though the two terms differ by a single word ‘true’, it has great implications. So let’s explore the role random numbers play in encryptions and how the two vary…
How encryption uses Random Numbers?
The strength of encryption is measured in terms of the efforts a hacker has to put in in order to break the key. Now that depends on the algorithms the encryption is based on. Most of these computer-generated keys use the RSA (Rivest–Shamir–Adleman) Algorithm and come in a variety of lengths and complexities. If we dwell a little further, these keys are nothing but sequences of random numbers that are generated by a Random Number Generator (RNG). However, when it comes to security, the main question lies in the extent of randomness the numbers possess. Since most RNGs are computer-based the decision making is limited between the bits, 0 and 1. So at some point in the future, the pattern of the numbers is bound to repeat. And voila! That’s where the hackers are able to ‘get into’ the safe house. Inference? The random numbers usual RNG’s generate are pseudo-random and not truly random!
True Random Number Generator is the best way out
To this avail, Random Quantum brings the concept of Quantum Computing into random number generation. And that’s since the Quanta particles are not limited to the bits of 0 and 1, but an entire range of possibilities between them. As a result, the keys for the encryption are totally unique, unpredictable and unbreakable. Can you already sense the frustration of hackers? We do! A true random number generator is a game-changer for the security of encryption. The extent of randomness impacts the level of security of encryption. And when the seed numbers are truly random, the probability of a pattern or predictability is totally eliminated. Some additional aspects of an advanced random number generator, are:
  • Self Sustaining: Advanced RNGs are completely independent of the malfunctions and maintenance of underlying hardware, platform, architecture, and environment.
  • Scalability: Customizable randomness empowers you to take fully independent decisions.
  • Truly Unique: Uniqueness is needless to say, a must-have characteristic. Its the basic facet that guarantees the strength of any encryption.
Random Quantum has an additional feat in its kitty. Its RQubit Generator has passed the tests of NIST and Dieharder, which are two prominent tests of true randomness. With powerful encryptions, one can ultimately imagine the scope of security for other applications of cryptography, practiced in banking, financial institutes, blockchain industry, among others. As they say, ‘truth always triumphs’, and so shall the true random number generators!